Paris Agreement, fully Paris Agreement Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, also known as the Paris Agreement on Climate Change or COP21, an international treaty, named after the city of Paris, France, in which it was adopted in December 2015, which aimed to reduce gas emissions that contribute to global warming. The Paris Agreement aimed to improve and replace the Kyoto Protocol, an earlier international agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It entered into force on 4 November 2016 and has been signed by 194 countries and ratified by 188 by November 2020. Former President Barack Obama had planned to largely achieve this goal by reducing pollution from the utility sector, by far the country`s largest emitter. To do this, it has adopted a comprehensive regulation called the Clean Power Plan, which limits emissions from power plants and encourages the spread of zero-emission energy sources such as solar and wind. Trump has already tried to dismantle this policy. Angola was the last country to ratify the climate agreement on 12 August 2020. Kyrgyzstan was ratified on 18 February and Lebanon on 5 February. In addition, countries aim to “reach a global peak in greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible.” The deal has been described as an incentive and engine for the sale of fossil fuels. [13] [14] There is a lot of misinformation about the Paris Agreement, including the idea that it will hurt the U.S.

economy. It was a series of unspoiled claims that Trump repeated in his 2017 rose garden speech, claiming that the deal would cost the U.S. economy $3 trillion by 2040 and $2.7 million in jobs by 2025, making us less competitive with China and India. But as fact-checkers noted, these statistics come from a debunked March 2017 study that exaggerated the future costs of reducing emissions, underestimated advances in energy efficiency and clean energy technologies, and completely ignored the huge health and economic costs of climate change itself. Warmer temperatures – both on land and at sea – are changing global weather patterns and changing how and where precipitation falls. These changing patterns exacerbate dangerous and deadly droughts, heat waves, floods, wildfires and storms, including hurricanes. They also melt ice caps, glaciers, and permafrost layers, which can lead to sea level rise and coastal erosion. Warmer temperatures also affect entire ecosystems, unbalancing migration patterns and life cycles. For example, an early spring can make trees and plants bloom before bees and other pollinators appear.

While global warming equates to longer growing seasons and higher food production in some regions, areas already facing water scarcity are expected to become drier, creating a risk of drought, crop failures or forest fires. .